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    PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD - 1979


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    EVALUATIONS 1979





    Joint meeting of the
    FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues
    in Food and the Environment
    and the
    WHO Expert Group on Pesticide Residues
    Geneva, 3-12 December 1979



    The designations employed and the presentation of material in this
    publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on
    the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
    Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or
    area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its
    frontiers or boundaries.

    M-84

    ISBN 92-5-100958-9

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,
    stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any
    means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the
    prior permission of the copyright owner.  Applications for such
    permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the
    reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications
    Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via
    delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

    (c) FAO 1980

    This document contains summaries of the data considered by the Joint
    Meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and
    the Environment and the WHO Expert Group on Pesticide Residues, which
    met in Geneva, 3 - 12 December 1979, together with the recommendations
    made.  A report of the 1980 Joint Meeting, which outlines the
    principles on which the evaluations were carried out and summarises
    the recommendations made, has also been published.*



              

    * Pesticide Residues in Food: Report of the 1979 Joint Meeting of the
    FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment
    and the WHO Expert Group on Pesticide Residues, FAO Plant Production
    and Protection Series No. 20, 1980.


    CONTENTS

    List of Attendees

    Introduction

    The Monographs

    Acephate*
    Aldicarb
    Aminocarb*
    Azocyclotin
    Bromamethane*
    sec-Butylamine*
    Carbaryl*
    Carbofuran*
    Carbon tetrachloride*
    Carbophenothion*
    Chlordimeform*
    Chlorthalonil*
    Chlorpyrifos-methyl*
    Cyperimethrin
    DDT*
    Demeton-S-methyl*
    Diazinon*
    1,2-Dibromomethane*
    Dichlofluanid*
    1,2-Dichloroethane*
    Diphenylamine*
    Disulfoton
    Edifenphos*
    Fenbutatin oxide*
    Fenitrothion*
    Fenthion*
    Fenvalerate
    Lindane*
    Methamidophos*
    Methidathion*
    Omethoate*
    Parathion-methyl*
    Permethrin
    Phenothrin
    Phosmet*
    Pirimicarb*
    Pirimiphos-methyl*
    Propargite*
    2,4,5-T*
    Thiabendazole*
    Thiometon*
    Triadimefon

    Annex I
    Annex II


    Compounds marked * have been evaluated previously.
    

    1979 JOINT MEETING OF THE FAO PANEL OF EXPERTS ON PESTICIDE RESIDUES
    IN FOOD AND THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE WHO EXPERT GROUP ON PESTICIDE
    RESIDUES

    Geneva, 3 - 12 December 1979

    FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment

    Mr. A. Ambrus, Department Head, Analytical Department, Plant
    Protection and Agrochemistry Centre, Budapest, Hungary

    Professor F. Bro-Rasmussen, Head, Laboratory of Environmental Sciences
    and Ecology, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark (Vice-
    Chairman)

    Mr. J. G. Cummings, Chief, Residue Chemistry Branch, Office of
    Pesticide Programs, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington,
    D.C., U.S.A.

    Mr. S. G. Heuser, Head, Storage Chemistry Section, Agricultural
    Science Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Slough,
    Berkshire, England

    Dr. K. R. Hill, Chief, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, U.S.
    Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Environmental Quality
    Institute, Beltsville, Md., U.S.A.

    Mr. N. F. Ives, Chemist U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office
    of Pesticide Programs, Hazard Evaluation Division, Arlington, Va.,
    U.S.A.

    Dr. E. D. Magallona, Head, Pesticide Residue and Toxicology
    Laboratory, University of the Philippines at Los Baņos College,
    Laguna, Philippines

    Mr. J. T. Snelson, Pesticide Co-ordinators Department of Primary
    Industry, Canberra, A.C.T., Australia (Rapporteur)

    Observers invited by FAO

    Mr. C. W. Collier, Office of Agriculture, U.S. Agency for
    International Development, Washington, D.C. 20523, U.S.A.

    Ir. A. J. Pieters, Directorate of Public Health, Foodstuffs Division,
    Leidschendam, Netherlands (Chairman of Codex Committee on Pesticide
    Residues)

    WHO Expert Group on Pesticide Residues

    Dr. W. Almeida, Directory Division of Animal Biology, Instituto
    Biologico, San Paulo, Brazil (Rapporteur)

    Professor C. Amerasekere, Head, Department of Forensic Medicine,
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

    Dr. E. A. Bababunmi, Associate Professor Department of Biochemistry,
    University of Ibadang School of Medicine, Ibadan, Nigeria (Chairman)

    Dr. V. Benes, Chief, Toxicology Department, Institute of Hygiene and
    Epidemiology, Prague, Czechoslovakia

    Mr. D. J. Clegg, Pesticide Section, Toxicological Evaluation Division,
    Health Protection Branch, Department of National Health and Welfare,
    Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

    Dr. M. van Logten, National Institute of Public Health, Bilthoven,
    Netherlands

    FAO/WHO Secretariat

    Dr. R. L. Baron, Health Effects Research Laboratory, Environmental
    Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, U.S.A. (WHO Temporary
    Adviser)

    Mr. J. A. R. Bates, Pesticide Residues Specialist, Plant Protection
    Service, FAO, Rome Italy (Joint Secretary)

    Dr. J. Cabral, Unit of Chemical Carcinogenesis, International Agency
    for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

    Dr. A. Hassan, Technical Officer, Chemical Residues and Pollution
    Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and
    Agriculture, IAEA, Vienna, Austria

    Dr. A. F. Machin, Senior Research Officer Central Veterinary
    Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food, Weybridge,
    Surrey, England (FAO Consultant)

    Dr. G. Vettorazzi, Scientist - Food Safety, Environmental Health
    Criteria and Standards, Division of Environmental Health, WHO,
    Switzerland (Joint Secretary)


    Monographs edited by Dr. E. E. Turtle (FAO Consultant)

    INTRODUCTION

    The report of the joint meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on
    Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Expert
    Group on Pesticide Residues held in Geneva from 3 - 12 December 1979,
    contains a summary of the evaluations of residues in foods of the
    various pesticides considered at the session as well as information on
    the general principles followed by the meeting.  The present document
    contains summaries of the data considered, together with the
    recommendations made.

    The information included in the monographs has been obtained from the
    published literature wherever possible, but other sources have also
    been used.  Early and complete publications of the results of research
    in this field are very important, particularly those data which can
    form the basis for the estimation of acceptable daily intakes and
    appropriate residue levels.  Publication allows the research to be
    assessed by scientists from disciplines not necessarily represented at
    the meeting.  Data contained in unpublished reports is less
    satisfactory and, when considered, must be complete and
    nonconfidential and indicate authorship.

    Some of the compounds considered at this meeting have been previously
    evaluated and reported on in earlier publications.  Only new
    information is summarized in the relevant monographs and reference is
    made to the previously published evaluation(s) which should also be
    consulted.  Such monograph addenda are indicated by an asterisk in the
    "Contents" sheet.

    Annex 1 to this volume of monographs summarizes the recommendations on
    acceptable daily intakes, maximum residue limits and guideline levels
    made at the 1979 meeting.  It has already appeared as an annex to the
    report of the meeting.

    NOTE

    Any comments on evaluation for acceptable daily intake should be
    addressed to:

    Food Safety Unit
    World Health Organization
    Geneva, Switzerland

    Any comments on residues in food and their evaluation should be
    addressed to:

    Pesticide-Residues Specialist
    Plant Protection Service
    Plant Production and Protection Division
    Food and Agriculture Organization
    Rome, Italy





















    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations