|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with strong bases or strong acids.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with strong bases or strong acids.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness. Convulsions. Chest tightness.||Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, T, N; R: 45-11-23/24/25-37/38-41-43-51/53; S: 9-16-53-45-61; Note: D, E
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1093.
NFPA Code: H4; F3; R2.
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS OR PALE YELLOW LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 77°C
Melting point: -84°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 7
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 11.0
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.05
Flash point: -1°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 481°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.0-17.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.25
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Exposure to the substance will result in cyanide formation.
Also consult ICSC of a cyanide salt, such as 0671.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Acrylonitrile (EHC 28, 1983) Acrylonitrile (HSG 1, 1986) Acrylonitrile (WHO Food Additives Series 19) ACRYLONITRILE (JECFA Evaluation) Acrylonitrile (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/2) Acrylonitrile (CICADS 39, 2002) Acrylonitrile (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)