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PHENOL
ICSC: 0070
Peer-Review Status: 15.10.2001 Validated
Carbolic acid
Phenic acid
Hydroxybenzene 
CAS #: 108-95-2 RTECS #: SJ3325000
UN #: 1671
EC #: 604-001-00-2
EINECS #: 203-632-7
    Formula: C6H6O / C6H5OH
Molecular mass: 94.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.  NO open flames. NO contact with strong oxidizing agents.  Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 79°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 79°C use a closed system and ventilation.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Sore throat. Burning sensation. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Unconciousness. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Avoid inhalation of dust and mist. Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin EASILY ABSORBED! Serious skin burns. Numbness. Convulsions. Collapse. Unconsciousness.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. To remove substance use polyethylene glycol 300 or vegetable oil. Refer for medical attention . Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. 
Eyes Pain. Redness. Loss of vision. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse. Sore throat.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, C; R: 23/24/25-34-48/20/21/22-68; S: (1/2)-24/25-26-28-36/37/39-45 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1671.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R0. 
Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW OR LIGHT PINK CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes. The solution in water is a weak acid. Reacts with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 5ppm as TWA; (skin); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 3B; Germ cell mutagen group: 3B; Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2009). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance and the vapour are corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, heart and kidneys. This may result in convulsions, coma, cardiac disorders, respiratory failure and collapse. Exposure could cause death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 182°C
Melting point: 43°C
Density: 1.06 g/cm³
Solubility in water: moderate
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 47
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.2
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.001
Flash point: 79°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 715°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.36-10
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.46  
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Other UN numbers: 2312 (molten); 2821 (solution).
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Phenol (EHC 161, 1994)
       Phenol (HSG 88, 1994)
       PHENOL (JECFA Evaluation)
       Phenol (PIM 412)
       Phenol (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)