|PARATHION||ICSC: 0006 (April 2004)|
Phosphorothioic acid O,O-diethyl O-(4-nitrophenyl) ester
| CAS #: 56-38-2
| UN #: 3018
|EC Number: 200-271-7
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Liquid formulations containing organic solvents may be flammable.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, dry powder, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Pupillary constriction, muscle cramp, excessive salivation. Sweating. Nausea. Vomiting. Dizziness. Headache. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Weakness. Laboured breathing. Wheezing. Unconsciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention . See Notes.|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Treat remaining liquid with an alkaline substance. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
|Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant.
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS|
TLV: 0.05 mg/m3, as TWA; (skin); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); BEI issued.
MAK: (inhalable fraction): 0.1 mg/m3; peak limitation category: II(8); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: D
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to birds. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. This substance does enter the environment under normal use. Great care, however, should be taken to avoid any additional release, for example through inappropriate disposal.|
|Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
If the substance is formulated with solvent(s) also consult the card(s) (ICSC) of the solvent(s).
Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Symbol: T+, N; R: 24-26/28-48/25-50/53; S: (1/2)-28-36/37-45-60-61
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Parathion (HSG 74, 1992) Parathion (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/1) Parathion (FAO/PL:1967/M/11/1) Parathion (FAO/PL:1969/M/17/1) Parathion (AGP:1970/M/12/1) Parathion (Pesticide residues in food: 1984 evaluations) Parathion (Pesticide residues in food: 1995 evaluations Part II Toxicological & Environmental) Parathion (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 30, 1983)