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Summary of Evaluations Performed by the
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives

BENZOIC ACID
INS: 210
COE No.: 21
FEMA No.: 2131
JECFA No.: 850
Chemical names: BENZOIC ACID
Synonyms: BENZENECARBOXYLIC ACID; CARBOXYBENZENE; PHENYL FORMIC ACID; DRACYLIC ACID
Functional class: ANTIMICROBIAL PRESERVATIVE; FLAVOURING AGENT
Latest evaluation: 2002
ADI: 0-5 mg/kg bw (1996)
Comments: No safety concern at current levels of intake when used as a flavouring agent (2002)
Report: TRS 913-JECFA 59/112
Specifications: COMPENDIUM ADDENDUM 12/FNP 52 Add. 12/67 (METALS LIMITS) (2004)
Tox monograph: FAS 48-JECFA 57/227 (2001)
Previous status: 2001, TRS 909-JECFA 57/73, COMPENDIUM ADDENDUM 9/FNP 52 Add.9/140, FAS 48-JECFA 57/227. ( EVALUATION AS A FLAVOURING AGENT NOT FINALIZED AT THE FIFTY-SEVENTH MEETING (2001); FURTHER INFORMATION REQUIRED TO DETERMINE WHETHER THIS SUBSTANCE IS IN CURRENT USE AS A FLAVOURING AGENT. THE 1996 GROUP ADI 0F 0-5 mg/kg bw FOR BENZOIC ACID, THE BENZOATE SALTS (CALCIUM, POTASSIUM AND SODIUM), BENZALDEHYDE, BENZYL ACETATE, BENZYL ALCOHOL AND BENZYL BENZOATE, EXPRESSED AS BENZOIC ACID EQUIVALENTS, WAS MAINTAINED.)
1996, TRS 868-JECFA 46/41, COMPENDIUM ADDENDUM 4/FNP 52 Add.4/19, FAS 37-JECFA 46/29. 0-5 mg/kg bw (GROUP ADI FOR BENZOIC ACID, THE BENZOATE SALTS (CALCIUM, POTASSIUM AND SODIUM), BENZALDEHYDE, BENZYL ACETATE, BENZYL ALCOHOL AND BENZYL BENOZATE, EXPRESSED AS BENZOIC ACID). FU. R
1983, TRS 696-JECFA 27/20, FNP 4-JECFA 17/109 (1973) (COMPENDIUM/183), FAS 18-JECFA 27/29. 0-5 (GROUP ADI FOR BENZOIC ACID AND ITS CALCIUM, POTASSIUM AND SODIUM SALTS, EXPRESSED AS BENZOIC ACID). FU. R(1973)
1973, NMRS 53/TRS 539-JECFA 17/16, FAS 5/NMRS 53A-JECFA 17/34, FNP 4-JECFA 17/109. 0-5 (AS SUM OF BENZOIC ACID AND SODIUM AND POTASSIUM BENZOATE, EXPRESSED AS BENZOIC ACID). FU. R
1970, NMRS 48/TRS 462-JECFA 14/24, FAS 70.41/NMRS 48C-JECFA 14/8
1965, NMRS 40/TRS 339-JECFA 9/19, FAS 67.29/NMRS 40A,B,C-JECFA 9/14, FAS 67.29/NMRS 40A,B,C-JECFA 9/15. 0-5 (CONDITIONAL, 5-10). CO. S
1961, NMRS 31/TRS 228-JECFA 6/27, NMRS 31/TRS 228-JECFA 6/27. 0-5 (CONDITIONAL, 5-10). CO. S
1958, NMRS VOL I-III/15. N
Intake: See BENZOATES
 
28 May 05    




    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Benzoic acid (ICSC)
       Benzoic acid (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 40abc)
       Benzoic acid (SIDS)