|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible.||NO open flames.||Use alcohol-resistant foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Risk of explosion on contact with strong oxidants.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Further see Ingestion.||Avoid inhalation of mist.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||See Ingestion.||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles.||Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Dizziness. Drowsiness.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and particulates adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III
Fatal if inhaled
Toxic if swallowed
Harmful in contact with skin
Causes serious eye irritation
Suspected of causing cancer
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
Causes damage to central nervous system if swallowed
May cause respiratory irritation
Causes damage to the kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure if swallowed
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Dry. Well closed. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-PALE-YELLOW HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Decomposes at 213°C
Boiling point at 1.9kPa: 114-120°C
Melting point: -40°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.32
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 27
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 113°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.53 (estimated)
Viscosity: 182 mm²/s at 20°C
Health effects of exposure to the substance have not been investigated adequately.
CAS numbers for optical isomers are 57090-45-6 for the R(-) isomer and 60827-45-4 for the S(+) isomer.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations