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NONANE
ICSC: 1245
Peer-Review Status: 09.06.2011 Validated
n-Nonane
2,2,5-Trimethylhexane 
CAS #: 111-84-2 RTECS #: RA6115000
UN #: 1920
EINECS #: 203-913-4
    Formula: H3C-(CH2)7-CH3 / C9H20
Molecular mass: 128.2

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use foam, powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 31°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 31°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!   
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Drowsiness. Dizziness. Ataxia Convulsions. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Redness.  Protective gloves.  Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention if skin irritation occurs. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety goggles.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). 
Ingestion Nausea. Vomiting. Aspiration hazard! Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
Flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if inhaled
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life 
flam;flameexcl mark;warncancer;health haz

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H0; F3; R0.  Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
Reacts with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 200ppm, 1050mg/m³ as TWA; (ACGIH 2010).
MAK (not established):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure to the vapour could cause lowering of consciousness. If swallowed the substance easily enters the airways and could result in aspiration pneumonitis. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The liquid defats the skin. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 150.8°C
Melting point: -51°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 0.00002 (very poor)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 0.59
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 31°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 205°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.7-5.6
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 5.65
Viscosity: <7 mm²/s at 40°C 
Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in soil. 

NOTES
Refer for medical attention if breathing difficulties and/or fever develop. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations