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ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE
ICSC: 1224
Peer-Review Status: 20.04.2004 Validated
Trichlorostibine
Antimonous chloride
Butter of antimony
Antimony(III) chloride 
CAS #: 10025-91-9 RTECS #: CC4900000
UN #: 1733
EC #: 051-001-00-8
EINECS #: 233-047-2
    Formula: SbCl3
Molecular mass: 228.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Abdominal pain.  Use ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Pain. Redness. Serious skin burns.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Abdominal cramps. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: C, N; R: 34-51/53; S: (1/2)-26-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80GC2-II+III.  Separated from food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including chlorine and antimony oxides. Reacts with water. This produces heat, hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0163) and antimony oxychloride. Attacks many metals in the presence of water. Aluminium burns in antimony trichloride vapour. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (as Sb): 0.5mg/m³ as TWA; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 2; Germ cell mutagen group: 3A; (DFG 2005). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation may cause lung oedema. See Notes. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 223.5°C
Melting point: 73°C
Density: 3.14 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 10
Vapour pressure, Pa at 49°C: 133  
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
C. I. 77056 is an alternative name.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Antimony trichloride (UKPID)