IPCS INCHEM Home
FUMARIC ACID
ICSC: 1173
Peer-Review Status: 09.06.2011 Validated
(E)-2-Butenedioic acid
trans-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid
Allomaleic acid
Boletic acid 
CAS #: 110-17-8 RTECS #: LS9625000
EC #: 607-146-00-X
EINECS #: 203-743-0
    Formula: C4H4O4 / COOH-CH=CHCOOH
Molecular mass: 116.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, dry powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST. Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.   
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin Redness.  Protective gloves.  Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
Symbol: Xi; R: 36; S: (2)-26 
UN Classification
 
GHS Classification
Signal: Warning
Causes eye irritation
Harmful to aquatic life 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
  Separated from oxidizing materials. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS CRYSTALLINE POWDER. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating and on burning. This produces corrosive fumes. Reacts violently with strong oxidants. This produces toxic and flammable gases. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):.
MAK (not established):.
EU OEL:. 

Routes of exposure
 

Inhalation risk
A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Sublimation point: 200°C
Density (at 20°C): 1.64 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 0.63 (poor)
Auto-ignition temperature: 375°C (powder)
Flash point: 273°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.46 (estimated) 
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Fumaric acid (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 40abc)
       Fumaric acid (WHO Food Additives Series 6)
       FUMARIC ACID (JECFA Evaluation)