IPCS INCHEM Home
ALUMINIUM CHLORIDE (ANHYDROUS)ICSC: 1125
April 2005
CAS #: 7446-70-0Aluminium trichloride
Aluminium(III) chloride
UN #: 1726
EINECS #: 231-208-1

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    NO contact with water.    NO water, foam, hydrous agents. In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.   

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Skin burns.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: II 

STORAGE
Separated from food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
ALUMINIUM CHLORIDE (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 1125
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-WHITE POWDER. TURNS GREY-TO-YELLOW ON EXPOSURE TO MOISTURE. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Reacts violently with water and moist air. This produces hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0163). 

Formula: AlCl3
Molecular mass: 133.3
Sublimation point: 180°C
Density: 2.44 g/cm³
Solubility in water: reaction 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed. A harmful concentration of hydrogen chloride vapours can be reached (very) quickly. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water, foam.
NEVER pour water into this substance; when dissolving or diluting always add it slowly to the water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: C; R: 34; S: (1/2)-7/8-28-45 

All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations