|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Skin burns. Pain. Blisters.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Shock or collapse. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Then wash away with plenty of water. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: C, N; R: 31-34-50; S: (1/2)-28-45-50-61; Note: B
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: II, III
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80S1791.||Separated from combustible substances, reducing agents, acids and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in the dark. Well closed.|
Physical State; Appearance
CLEAR SLIGHTLY YELLOW SOLUTION WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
|Relative density (water = 1): 1.21 (14% aqueous solution)||The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.|
Household bleaches usually contain about 5% sodium hypochlorite (about pH11, irritant), and more concentrated bleaches contain 10-15% sodium hypochlorite (about pH13, corrosive).
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
Chloros, Chlorox, Clorox, Deosan, Javex, Klorocin, Parozone and Purin B are trade names.
Also consult ICSC #0482 (Sodium hypochlorite, active chlorine <10%).
Card has been partly updated in October 2004.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations