|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO hydrous agents. NO water. NO carbon dioxide. In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Headache. Confusion. Weakness. Shortness of breath. Convulsions. Unconciousness.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Further see Inhalation.||Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Wear protective gloves when inducing vomiting. NO mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Refer for medical attention . See Notes.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Sweep spilled substance into covered dry, sealable, labelled containers. Cautiously neutralize remainder with with sodium hypochlorite solution. Then wash away with plenty of water.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T+, N; R: 26/27/28-32-50/53; S: (1/2)-7-28-29-45-60-61; Note: A
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1689.
NFPA Code: H3; F0; R0.
|Separated from strong oxidants, acids, food and feedstuffs, carbon dioxide and products containing water. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
Physical State; Appearance
WHITE HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALLINE POWDER WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. ODOURLESS WHEN DRY.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 1496°C
Melting point: 563.7°C
Density: 1.6 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 58
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.|
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Never work alone in an area if hydrocyanic acid exposure is possible.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations