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LITHIUM CARBONATEICSC: 1109
Carbonic acid, lithium salt
Dilithium carbonate
October 1999
CAS #: 554-13-2
EC Number: 209-062-5

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Not combustible.        In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.   

 PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!  
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
 

STORAGE
Separated from food and feedstuffs and fluorine. Well closed. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
LITHIUM CARBONATE ICSC: 1109
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
WHITE POWDER. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
The solution in water is a weak base. Reacts violently with fluorine. 

Formula: Li2CO3
Molecular mass: 73.9
Decomposes at 1310°C
Melting point: 723°C
Density: 2.1 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 1.3 (poor) 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and kidneys. May cause reproductive toxicity in humans. 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
MAK: (inhalable fraction): 0.2 mg/m3; peak limitation category: I(1); pregnancy risk group: C 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Lithium carbonate (PIM 309F, French)