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TURPENTINE
ICSC: 1063
Peer-Review Status: 03.06.2002 Validated
Turpentine, oil
Spirits of turpentine
Oil of turpentine
Steam distilled turpentine
Gum spirits
Wood turpentine 
CAS #: 8006-64-2 RTECS #: YO8400000
UN #: 1299
EC #: 650-002-00-6
EINECS #: 232-350-7
    Formula: C10H16 (approx)
Molecular mass: 136 (approx)

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 30°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 30°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!   
Inhalation Confusion. Cough. Headache. Sore throat. Shortness of breath. Burning sensation.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Blurred vision. Pain. Redness.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Confusion. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Cover the spilled material with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.  Marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: Xn, N; R: 10-20/21/22-36/38-43-51/53-65; S: (2)-36/37-46-61-62 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1299.
NFPA Code: H1; F3; R0. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic fumes including carbon monoxide. Decomposes slowly under the influence of air and light. This produces oxidation products that are more toxic or irritating than turpentine itself. Reacts violently with oxidants, halogens, combustible substances and mineral acids. Attacks plastics and rubber. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 20ppm as TWA; (SEN); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2008).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 3A; Sensitization of skin (SH); (DFG 2008). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The vapour is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, bladder and kidneys. This may result in irritability, convulsions and kidney impairment. Exposure at high levels could cause tachycardia, unconsciousness, respiratory failure and death. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The liquid defats the skin. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 149-180°C
Melting point: -50 - -60°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.25 to 0.67
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6 to 4.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 30-46°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 220-255°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.8-6 
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. 

NOTES
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Turpentine is obtained by distilling the gum from various species of pine.
It is a mixture of isomeric terpene hydrocarbons.
Composition varies with refining methods and the age, location and species of the softwood source. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations