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TURPENTINEICSC: 1063
June 2002
CAS #: 8006-64-2Turpentine, oil
Spirits of turpentine
Oil of turpentine
Steam distilled turpentine
Gum spirits
Wood turpentine
UN #: 1299
EINECS #: 232-350-7

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Above 30°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 30°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools.  Use foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Confusion. Cough. Headache. Sore throat. Shortness of breath. Burning sensation.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Blurred vision. Pain. Redness.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Confusion. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Cover the spilled material with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 
PACKAGING
Marine pollutant. 
TURPENTINE ICSC: 1063
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic fumes including carbon monoxide. Decomposes slowly under the influence of air and light. This produces oxidation products that are more toxic or irritating than turpentine itself. Reacts violently with oxidants, halogens, combustible substances and mineral acids. Attacks plastics and rubber. 

Formula: C10H16 (approx)
Molecular mass: 136 (approx)
Boiling point: 149-180°C
Melting point: -50 - -60°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.25 - 0.67
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6 - 4.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 30-46°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 220-255°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.8-6 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The vapour is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, bladder and kidneys. This may result in irritability, convulsions and kidney impairment. Exposure at high levels could cause tachycardia, unconsciousness, respiratory failure and death. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking. 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 20 ppm as TWA; (SEN); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).
MAK: 28 mg/m3, 5 ppm; peak limitation category: II(2); skin absorption (H); sensitization of skin (SH); pregnancy risk group: D 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. 

NOTES
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Turpentine is obtained by distilling the gum from various species of pine.
It is a mixture of isomeric terpene hydrocarbons.
Composition varies with refining methods and the age, location and species of the softwood source. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn, N; R: 10-20/21/22-36/38-43-51/53-65; S: (2)-36/37-46-61-62 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations