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PERCHLORIC ACID (72% SOLUTION)
ICSC: 1006
Peer-Review Status: 10.04.2000 Validated
Hydronium perchlorate 
CAS #: 7601-90-3 RTECS #: SC7500000
UN #: 1873
EC #: 017-006-00-4
EINECS #: 231-512-4
    Formula: ClHO4
Molecular mass: 100.46

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO contact with combustible substances or reducing agents.  In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with metals, reducing agents or organic materials.  Do NOT expose to friction or shock.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Sore throat. Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection. Use appropriate engineering controls.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes. 
Skin Redness. Pain. Serious skin burns.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Loss of vision. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Sore throat. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Absorb liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Cautiously neutralize remainder. Do NOT wash away into sewer.  Special material.
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. 
EC Classification
Symbol: O, C; R: 5-8-35; S: (1/2)-23-26-36-45 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 5.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51G07.
NFPA Code: H3; F0; R3; OX. 
Fireproof. See Chemical Dangers. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
No data. 

Chemical dangers
May explode on heating. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes. The substance is a strong oxidant. It reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials, organic materials and strong bases. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks many metals. This produces flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see ICSC 0001). The acid is unstable if the concentration is over 72%; may explode by shock or concussion when dry or drying. Mixtures with combustible material (such as paper) may ignite spontaneously at room temperature. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
Corrosive. The vapour is very corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour or mist may cause lung oedema. See Notes. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Decomposes at 19°C
Melting point: -112°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.76 (22°C)
Solubility in water: miscible
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.5  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
DO NOT use perchloric acid in a hood designed for other purposes.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
NEVER pour water into this substance; when dissolving or diluting always add it slowly to the water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations