|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidizing agents.||Use water in large amounts, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 33°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 33°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||Pain. Redness. Skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Eyes||Pain. Redness. Burns. Loss of vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Sore throat. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: C; R: 10-21/22-35; S: (1/2)-26-37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Flammable liquid and vapour
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
Harmful to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80S2258 or 80GCF1-II.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R0.
|Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs, strong oxidants, acids, acid anhydrides and acid chlorides. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
HYGROSCOPIC COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
Serious by all routes of exposure.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 119°C
Melting point: -12°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.0
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 33 °C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 416°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.2-11.1
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.8
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Other melting points: -37 °C (technical product).
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations