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PROPYLAMINE
ICSC: 0941
Peer-Review Status: 26.11.2009 Validated
n-Propylamine
1-Aminopropane
Propanamine 
CAS #: 107-10-8 RTECS #: UH9100000
UN #: 1277
EINECS #: 203-462-3
    Formula: C3H9N / CH3(CH2)2NH2
Molecular mass: 59.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water in large amounts, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain. Serious skin burns.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Eyes Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe burns. Loss of vision.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burns in mouth and throat. Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: gas-tight chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Toxic if inhaled
Toxic in contact with skin
Harmful if swallowed
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
Harmful to aquatic life 
flam;flamecorrskull;toxic

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R0.  Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides. The solution in water is a medium strong base. Reacts violently with strong acids, many compounds such as halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols and nitroparaffins. Reacts violently with oxidants and mercury. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks metals such as aluminium, copper, tin and zinc. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV not established.
MAK (not established):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. Serious local effects by all routes of exposure. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation may cause lung oedema, but only after initial corrosive effects on eyes and/or airways have become manifest. Exposure could cause severe swelling of the throat. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the respiratory tract and lungs. This may result in chronic inflammation and impaired functions. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 48°C
Melting point: -83°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7.
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 33.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.3
Flash point: <-37°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 320°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.0-10.4
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.15  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Do NOT take working clothes home.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       PROPYLAMINE (JECFA Evaluation)