|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Sore throat. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Pain. Blisters. Serious skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Cautiously neutralize remainder. Then wash away with plenty of water.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: C, N; R: 35-50; S: (1/2)-26-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80GC3-II+III.||Separated from metals, combustible substances, reducing agents, strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and through the skin.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 194°C
Melting point: 13.5°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.56
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 19
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.4
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.92
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
NEVER pour water into this substance; when dissolving or diluting always add it slowly to the water.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Dichloroacetic Acid (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 63, 1995) Dichloroacetic acid (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 84, 2004)