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LITHIUM
ICSC: 0710
Peer-Review Status: 23.03.1999 Validated
 
CAS #: 7439-93-2 RTECS #: OJ5540000
UN #: 1415
EC #: 003-001-00-4
EINECS #: 231-102-5
    Formula: Li
Atomic mass: 6.9

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with water.  Use special powder. NO water. NO other agents. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with combustible substances or water.    In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Skin burns. Pain. Blisters.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Nausea. Shock or collapse. Vomiting. Weakness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Refer for medical attention . See Notes. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Consult an expert! Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into covered dry, metallic, sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.  Airtight. 
EC Classification
Symbol: F, C; R: 14/15-34; S: (1/2)-8-43-45 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 4.3; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-750.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R2; W. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, acids, halons and other incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Dry. Keep under mineral oil. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
SOFT SILVER-WHITE METAL. TURNS YELLOW ON EXPOSURE TO AIR AND MOISTURE. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. The substance , when finely dispersed, may ignite spontaneously on contact with air. Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes. Reacts violently with strong oxidants, acids and many compounds (hydrocarbons; halogens; halons; concrete; sand and asbestos). This generates fire and explosion hazard. Reacts violently with water. This produces highly flammable hydrogen gas and corrosive fumes of lithium hydroxide. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation may cause lung oedema. See Notes. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 1336°C
Melting point: 180.5°C
Density: 0.5 g/cm³
Solubility in water: violent reaction
Vapour pressure, Pa at 723°C: 133
Auto-ignition temperature: 179°C  
 

NOTES
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations