|POTASSIUM CYANIDE||ICSC: 0671|
|CAS #: 151-50-8||Hydrocyanic acid, potassium salt|
| UN #: 1680
| EINECS #: 205-792-3
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO hydrous agents. NO water. NO carbon dioxide. In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|SYMPTOMS||ACUTE HAZARDS||FIRST AID|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Headache. Confusion. Weakness. Shortness of breath. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Further see Inhalation.||Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Wear protective gloves when inducing vomiting. NO mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Sweep spilled substance into covered dry, sealable, labelled containers. Cautiously neutralize remainder with sodium hypochlorite solution. Then wash away with plenty of water.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Separated from strong oxidants, acids, food and feedstuffs, carbon dioxide and products containing water. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
|POTASSIUM CYANIDE||ICSC: 0671|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|Occupational exposure limits|
TLV: 5 (ceiling ) mg/m3 as STEL; (skin).
MAK: (as CN): 5.0 mg/m3; peak limitation category: II(1); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: C.
EU-OEL: 1 mg/m3 as TWA; 5 mg/m3 as STEL; (skin)
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.|
|The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Never work alone in an area if hydrogen cyanide exposure is possible.
Symbol: T+, N; R: 26/27/28-32-50/53; S: (1/2)-7-28-29-45-60-61; Note: A
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations