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GLYCEROL
ICSC: 0624
Peer-Review Status: 06.04.2006 Validated
Glycerin
1,2,3-Propanetriol
1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane 
CAS #: 56-81-5 RTECS #: MA8050000
EINECS #: 200-289-5
    Formula: C3H8O3 / CH2OH-CHOH-CH2OH
Molecular mass: 92.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION     In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation   Use ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin Dry skin.  Protective gloves.  Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes   Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Diarrhoea.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Rinse mouth. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H1; F1; R0.  Separated from strong oxidants. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
HYGROSCOPIC VISCOUS COLOURLESS LIQUID. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces corrosive fumes of acrolein. Reacts with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
MAK (inhalable fraction): 50 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: I(2); Pregnancy risk group: C; (DFG 2006). 

Routes of exposure
 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying. 

Effects of short-term exposure
 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 290°C
Melting point: 18°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.26
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 0.01
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.2
Flash point: 176°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 393°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.6-11.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.76  
 

NOTES
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       GLYCEROL (JECFA Evaluation)
       Glycerol  (SIDS)