|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 69°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 69°C use a closed system and ventilation.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Unconciousness. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Pain. Blisters. Serious skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns. Blurred vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Abdominal cramps. Vomiting. Diarrhoea.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Cautiously neutralize spilled liquid with with weak alkaline solution such as disodium carbonate. Then wash away with plenty of water.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: C; R: 35; S: (1/2)-23-26-45; Note: B
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-89.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R0.
|Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS FUMING LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 101°C
Melting point: 8°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 4.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.03
Flash point: 69°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 520°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 18-51
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.54
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Formic acid (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 38a) Formic acid (WHO Food Additives Series 5) FORMIC ACID (JECFA Evaluation)