|FORMIC ACID||ICSC: 0485|
|CAS #: 64-18-6||Hydrogen carboxylic acid
| UN #: 1779
| EINECS #: 200-579-1
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Combustible. Above 69°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||NO open flames. Above 69°C use a closed system and ventilation.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|AVOID ALL CONTACT!|
|SYMPTOMS||ACUTE HAZARDS||FIRST AID|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Pain. Blisters. Serious skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns. Blurred vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Abdominal cramps. Vomiting. Diarrhoea.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Cautiously neutralize spilled liquid with weak alkaline solution such as disodium carbonate. Then wash away with plenty of water.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
|Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.|
|FORMIC ACID||ICSC: 0485|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|Occupational exposure limits|
TLV: 5 ppm as TWA; 10 ppm as STEL.
MAK: 9.5 mg/m3, 5 ppm; peak limitation category: I(2); pregnancy risk group: C.
EU-OEL: 9 mg/m3, 5 ppm as TWA
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
|The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Symbol: C; R: 35; S: (1/2)-23-26-45; Note: B
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See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Formic acid (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 38a) Formic acid (WHO Food Additives Series 5) FORMIC ACID (JECFA Evaluation)