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2,4-DINITROPHENOLICSC: 0464
Phenol, 2,4-dinitro
1-Hydroxy-2,4-dinitrobenzene
June 2015
CAS #: 51-28-5
UN #: 1320 (see Notes)
EC Number: 200-087-7

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Risk of fire and explosion.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Do NOT expose to friction or shock. Use non-sparking handtools. Prevent deposition of dust. Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.  Use water in large amounts.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 

 PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!  
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation See Ingestion.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Roughness. Yellow staining of the skin. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention . 
Eyes Yellow vision. Redness. Conjunctivitis.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Sweating. Severe thirst. Fever. Increased heart rate. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rest. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do not allow to dry out. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder. Store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

skull;toxiccancer;health hazenviro;aqua
DANGER
Fatal if swallowed
Toxic in contact with skin
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Very toxic to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 4.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Cool. Separated from combustible substances, reducing agents and food and feedstuffs. 
PACKAGING
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
2,4-DINITROPHENOL ICSC: 0464
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. 

Chemical dangers
May decompose explosively on shock, friction or concussion. May explode on heating. Mixtures with alkalis, ammonia and most metals are shock-sensitive. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic gases including nitrogen oxides. See Notes. 

Formula: C6H4N2O5 / C6H3(OH)(NO2)2
Molecular mass: 184.11
Melting point: 112°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.68
Solubility in water, g/l: 6 (poor)
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.36
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.67 (estimated) 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance may be irritating to the eyes and skin. 

Inhalation risk
A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the metabolism. This may result in cataract, cardiovascular disorders and nervous system impairment. 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Use all available methods for reducing body temperature.
Because of its explosive properties, the compound is used in the form of a water paste.
UN 0076 applies to the dry compound or wetted with less than 15% water (Hazard class 1, Subsidiary Risks 6.1). UN 1320 applies to compound wetted with no less than 15% water
CAS 25550-58-7 applies to unspecified isomers of dinitrophenol. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 23/24/25-33-50; S: (1/2)-28-37-45-61 

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       Toxicological Abbreviations