|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible only at increased temperature. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use carbon dioxide, dry powder, dry sand, water spray.|
|EXPLOSION||Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Shortness of breath.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Seek medical attention if you feel unwell.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear face shield.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Sore throat. Abdominal pain.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Vacuum spilled material with specialist equipment. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T; R: 21-25-36/38-43; S: (1/2)-3-22-36/37-45
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III
Toxic if swallowed
Fatal in contact with skin
Causes skin irritation
Causes serious eye irritation
May cause allergic skin reaction
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
Toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-III.
NFPA Code: H4; F1; R3.
|Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Store at maximum 20 °C, never exceed 30 °C. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store only if stabilized. See Notes. Store in stainless steel, polyethylene or polypropylene.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC DELIQUESCENT CRYSTALS.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point at 0.067kPa: 83°C
Melting point: 44°C
Decomposes at 260°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.28
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 85
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 0.5
Flash point: 141°C
Heat of solution in water: 359 J/g (Strongly cools down when dissolved in water.)
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.|
Cyanamide has to be stabilized by pH-buffer against dimerization and decomposition.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Cyanamide that has been stored for a long time or is contaminated, should be diluted with at least three times its volume of water to avoid critical decomposition temperatures being reached.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Term cyanamide is also used to designate calcium cyanamide.
In combination with even small amounts of alcohol the substance causes effects on cardiovascular and central nervous systems resulting in flushing, palpitation, hypotension and hyperventilation.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations