|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use water in large amounts, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Headache. Flushing of the face. Vomiting. Dizziness. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Pain. Redness. Blisters. Skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns. Loss of vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, C; R: 11-20/21/22-35; S: (1/2)-3-16-26-29-36/37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1125 or 30GFC-II.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R0.
|Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS YELLOW ON STANDING.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 78°C
Melting point: -50°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.74
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 10.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.5
Flash point: -12°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 312°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.7-9.8
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.86
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations