|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Extremely flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.||Use alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Drowsiness. Vomiting. Headache. Laboured breathing. Unconciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Dry skin.||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Dizziness. Drowsiness. Vomiting.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: F+, Xn; R: 12-19-22-66-67; S: (2)-9-16-29-33; Note: 6
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1155.
NFPA Code: H1; F4; R1.
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in the dark. Store only if stabilized.|
Physical State; Appearance
VERY VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 35°C
Melting point: -116°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 6.9
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 58.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.9
Flash point: -45°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 160-180°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.7-48
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.89
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Ingestion First Aid, Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations DIETHYL ETHER (JECFA Evaluation)