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ETHYLENE GLYCOLICSC: 0270
1,2-Ethanediol
1,2-Dihydroxyethane
2-Hydroxyethanol
Glycol
Glycol alcohol
Ethylene alcohol
Monoethylene glycol
May 2018
CAS #: 107-21-1
EC Number: 203-473-3

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible.    NO open flames.    Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.   

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Dizziness. Headache.  Use ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Sore throat. Nausea. Vomiting. Abdominal pain. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

excl mark;warncancer;health haz
WARNING
Harmful if swallowed
May cause damage to kidneys and central nervous system 

Transportation
UN Classification
 

STORAGE
Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and strong acids. Dry. Ventilation along the floor. 
PACKAGING
 
ETHYLENE GLYCOL ICSC: 0270
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS VISCOUS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic gases. Reacts with strong oxidants, strong acids and strong bases. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Formula: HOCH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 62.1
Boiling point: 197°C
Melting point: -13°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 6.5
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 111.11°C c.c., 115°C o.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 398°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.2-15.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.36
Viscosity: 21 mPa*s at 20°C 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the kidneys, central nervous system and acid-base balance in the body. This may result in renal failure, brain injury and metabolic acidosis. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: (vapour and aerosol): 25 ppm as TWA.
TLV: (vapour): 50 ppm as STEL.
TLV: (inhalable aerosol): 10 mg/m3 as STEL.
A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).
EU-OEL: 52 mg/m3 as TWA; 104 mg/m3 as STEL; (skin) 

ENVIRONMENT
Environmental effects of the substance have been adequately investigated, but no significant effects have been found. 

NOTES
Specific treatment may be necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions should be available. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Ethylene glycol (PIM 227)
       Ethylene glycol (PIM 227F, French)