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2-CHLOROETHANOL
ICSC: 0236
Peer-Review Status: 05.05.2003 Validated
2-Chloroethyl alcohol
Ethylene chlorohydrin
Glycol chlorohydrin 
CAS #: 107-07-3 RTECS #: KK0875000
UN #: 1135
EC #: 603-028-00-7
EINECS #: 203-459-7
    Formula: C2H5ClO / ClCH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 80.5

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 60°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 60°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.  Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion See Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T+; R: 26/27/28; S: (1/2)-7/9-28-45 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1135.
NFPA Code: H4; F2; R0. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong bases, oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive gases of of hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with water and steam. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts with strong bases. This produces ethylene oxide. This generates fire and toxic hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 1ppm (ceiling value); (skin); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2003).
MAK: 1 ppm, 3.3 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: II(1); Pregnancy risk group: C; Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2002). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver. This may result in cardiac disorders, low blood pressure, kidney impairment, liver impairment and respiratory failure. Exposure could cause death. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 128-130°C
Melting point: -67°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.65
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.78
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 60°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 425°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 4.9-15.9
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.06  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations