|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||Use powder, carbon dioxide. NO water. NO hydrous agents.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer immediately for medical attention. Apply calcium gluconate to the burn areas.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burns in mouth and throat. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: Xn, N; R: 20/22-51/53; S: (2)-61; Note: A, 1
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
May be corrosive to metals
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Causes damage to respiratory system
Causes damage to the cardiovascular system and the respiratory tract through prolonged or repeated exposure
Toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H4; F0; R1.||Separated from combustible substances, reducing agents and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Do NOT store or transport in containers made from metal or glass. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
OILY COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
Serious local effects and systemic effects by all routes of exposure.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 141°C
Melting point: 8.3°C
Relative density (water = 1): 3.00
Solubility in water: reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 1.33
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.|
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Also consult ICSC 0283 (Hydrogen fluoride).
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations