TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with strong oxidizing agents. NO contact with hot surfaces.||Use water in large amounts, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with oxidizing agents or metal oxides.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Nausea. Vomiting. Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness. Headache. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Convulsions. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Skin burns. Pain. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Shock or collapse. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3 and 8; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H4; F3; R2.||Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids, metal oxides, porous materials and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. Keep under inert gas.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 87.5°C
Melting point: -52.4°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.87
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 4.8
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.03
Flash point: -8.3°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 196°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.5-97
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.05
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Rinse contaminated clothing with plenty of water because of fire hazard.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations