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GLUTARALDEHYDE
ICSC: 0158
Peer-Review Status: 04.12.2000 Validated
1,5-Pentanedial
Glutaric dialdehyde
Glutaral 
CAS #: 111-30-8 RTECS #: MA2450000
UN #: 2810
EC #: 605-022-00-X
EINECS #: 203-856-5
    Formula: C5H8O2 / OHC(CH2)3CHO
Molecular mass: 100.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE!   
Inhalation Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Wheezing.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Nausea. Diarrhoea. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 23/25-34-42/43-50; S: (1/2)-26-36/37/39-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-III.  Separated from food and feedstuffs. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
CLEAR VISCOUS COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 0.05ppm (ceiling value); (SEN); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 0.05 ppm, 0.21 mg/m³; Carcinogen category: 4; Peak limitation category: I(2); Pregnancy risk group: C; Sensitization of respiratory tract and skin (SAH); (DFG 2005). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause asthma. See Notes. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Decomposes at 187-189°C
Melting point: -14°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.22  
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
The applying occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should never again come into contact with this substance.
See also ICSC0352 Glutaraldehyde (50% solution).
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Glutaraldehyde  (SIDS)