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ETHYLAMINE
(cylinder)
ICSC: 0153
Peer-Review Status: 10.09.2002 Validated
Ethanamine
Aminoethane 
CAS #: 75-04-7 RTECS #: KH2100000
UN #: 1036
EC #: 612-002-00-4
EINECS #: 200-834-7
    Formula: C2H5NH2 / C2H7N
Molecular mass: 45.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out. In other cases extinguish with dry powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.  In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE!   
Inhalation Cough. Laboured breathing. Sore throat.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.  Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.  ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.   

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. NEVER direct water jet on liquid.   
EC Classification
Symbol: F+, Xi; R: 12-36/37; S: (2)-16-26-29 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 2.1 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-20G2F.
NFPA Code: H3; F4; R0. 
Fireproof. Cool. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic gases including nitrogen oxides. The solution is a strong base. It reacts with acid and is corrosive. Reacts with strong oxidants and organic compounds. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks many non-ferrous metals and plastic. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 5 ppm as TWA; 15 ppm as STEL; (skin); (ACGIH 2002).
EU OEL ( selected): 5ppm, 9.4mg/m³ as TWA;. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 16.6°C
Melting point: -81°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7 (liquid)
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 121
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.55
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.66
Flash point: -17°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 385°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.5-14
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.27/-0.08 (calculated)
Electrical conductivity: 7.0x10e5 pS/m  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Ethylamine is available commercially also in the form of 50-70% aqueous solution (UN number: 2270).
Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       ETHYLAMINE (JECFA Evaluation)