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CADMIUM CHLORIDE
ICSC: 0116
Peer-Review Status: 22.04.2005 Validated
Cadmium dichloride 
CAS #: 10108-64-2 RTECS #: EV0175000
UN #: 2570
EC #: 048-008-00-3
EINECS #: 233-296-7
    Formula: CdCl2
Molecular mass: 183.3

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use closed system or ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T+, N; R: 45-46-60-61-25-26-48/23/25-50/53; S: 53-45-60-61; Note: E 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT5-III.  Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces very toxic fumes of cadmium and chlorine. Reacts with strong oxidants. This produces toxic fumes of chlorine. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (as Cd total dust): 0.01mg/m³ as TWA; A2 (suspected human carcinogen); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2005).
TLV (respirable fraction): 0.002mg/m³ as TWA; A2 (suspected human carcinogen); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 1; Germ cell mutagen group: 3A; Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2004). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance is severely irritating to the gastrointestinal tract. Inhalation of of the aerosol may cause lung oedema. See Notes. Exposure far above the OEL could cause death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the kidneys and lungs. This may result in kidney impairment and tissue lesions. This substance is carcinogenic to humans. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 960°C
Melting point: 568°C
Density: 4.1 g/cm³
Solubility in water: good 
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in plants. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See section EU classification. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations