|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 63°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 63°C use a closed system and ventilation.|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest.|
|Skin||Redness.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety spectacles or face shield.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Rest.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: Xn; R: 22; S: (2)-24
UN Hazard Class: 9; UN Pack Group: III
Flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if swallowed
Harmful in contact with skin
Toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-90S1990.
NFPA Code: H2; F2; R0.
|Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor. Cool. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Keep in the dark.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 179°C
Melting point: -26°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.05
Solubility in water at 25°C: poor
Vapour pressure, Pa at 26°C: 133
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.7
Flash point: 63°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 192°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.4
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.48
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Rinse contaminated clothes with plenty of water because of fire hazard.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Benzaldehyde (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 44a) BENZALDEHYDE (JECFA Evaluation) Benzaldehyde (SIDS)