TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Extremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Redness.||Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible).|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Remove all ignition sources. Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic vapours of low boiling point adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Symbol: F+, Xn; R: 12-20-40; S: (2)-7-16-29-36/37-46; Note: D
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: I
Extremely flammable liquid and vapour
Toxic if swallowed
May be harmful if inhaled
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
May cause damage to liver and kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure
Harmful to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H2; F4; R2.||Store only if stabilized. Fireproof. Keep in the dark. Cool. Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.|
Physical State; Appearance
VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 32°C
Melting point: -122°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 0.25 (very poor)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 66.5
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.3
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 2.5
Flash point: -25°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 530°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5.6-16
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.41
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance; consult an expert.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Vinylidene chloride (EHC 100, 1990) Vinylidene chloride (HSG 36, 1989) Vinylidene Chloride (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)