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NICKEL CARBONYL
ICSC: 0064
Peer-Review Status: 18.10.2001 Validated
Nickel tetracarbonyl 
CAS #: 13463-39-3 RTECS #: QR6300000
UN #: 1259
EC #: 028-001-00-1
EINECS #: 236-669-2
    Formula: C4NiO4 / Ni(CO)4
Molecular mass: 170.7

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidizing agents.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on heating above 60°C. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Liquid and vapour flash in direct sunlight.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting. Cough. Shortness of breath. Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use closed system or ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin   Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes   Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion See Notes.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Airtight.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: F, T+, N; R: 61-11-26-40-50/53; S: 53-45-60-61; Note: E 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H4; F3; R3.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GTF1-I. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Keep under inert gas. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
May explode on heating above 60°C. The substance may ignite spontaneously on contact with air. Decomposes on contact with acids. This produces highly toxic carbon monoxide (see ICSC 0023). Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Oxidizes in air forming deposits which become peroxidized causing fire hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (as Ni): 0.05ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2001). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Inhalation of of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. Exposure could cause death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause asthma. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 43°C
Melting point: -19°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25.8°C: 53
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 3.0
Flash point: <-20°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 60°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2-34 
This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
No reported cases of intoxication by ingestion.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact with this substance.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Nickel carbonyl (UKPID)