|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPLOSION||Risk of fire and explosion. See Chemical Dangers.||Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!|
|Inhalation||Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Weakness. Unconciousness. Death||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Dry skin. Redness. Burning sensation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Rest.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: Xn; R: 40; S: (2)-23-24/25-36/37
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1593.
NFPA Code: H2; F1; R0.
|Separated from metals and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Ventilation along the floor.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 40°C
Melting point: -95.1°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 1.3
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 47.4
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.9
Auto-ignition temperature: 556°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 12-25
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.25
|This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to ground water contamination.|
Addition of small amounts of a flammable substance or an increase in the oxygen content of the air strongly enhances combustibility.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
R30 is a trade name.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Dichloromethane (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 48a) Dichloromethane (WHO Food Additives Series 30) DICHLOROMETHANE (JECFA Evaluation) Dichloromethane (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)