|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||May ignite spontaneously on contact with air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with heat or acids.||Use dry sand. Use special powder. NO other agents.|
|EXPLOSION||Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rest. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove all ignition sources. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T+, N; R: 45-26-48/23/25-62-63-68-50/53; S: 53-45-60-61; Note: E
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Fireproof. Dry. Keep under inert gas. Separated from ignition sources, oxidants, acids and food and feedstuffs.|
Physical State; Appearance
SOFT BLUE-WHITE METAL LUMPS OR GREY POWDER. MALLEABLE. TURNS BRITTLE ON EXPOSURE TO 80°C. TARNISHES ON EXPOSURE TO MOIST AIR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 765°C
Melting point: 321°C
Density: 8.6 g/cm³
Solubility in water: none
Auto-ignition temperature: 250°C (cadmium metal dust)
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water, foam, carbon dioxide and halons.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Cadmium also exists in a pyrophoric form (EC No. 048-011-00-X), which bears the additional EU labelling symbol F, R phrase 17, and S phrases 7/8 and 43.
UN numbers and packing group will vary according to the physical form of the substance.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Cadmium (EHC 134, 1992) Cadmium (WHO Food Additives Series 52) Cadmium (WHO Food Additives Series 4) Cadmium (WHO Food Additives Series 24) Cadmium (WHO Food Additives Series 55) CADMIUM (JECFA Evaluation) Cadmium (PIM 089)