|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 67°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 67°C use a closed system and ventilation.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Nausea. Headache. Shortness of breath. Dizziness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Vomiting. Burning sensation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered non-metallic containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T; R: 45-22-23-37/38-41-48/22; S: 53-45; Note: E
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1738.
NFPA Code: H2; F2; R1.
|Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Dry. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 179°C
Melting point: ~-43°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water, g/100ml: <0.1 (none)
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 120
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 67°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 585°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-14.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.3
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Benzyl chloride (SIDS) Benzyl Chloride (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 11, 1976) Benzyl Chloride (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 29, 1982)