TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames. NO contact with oxidizing agents.||Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 76°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 76°C use a closed system and ventilation.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE! See Notes.|
|Inhalation||Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting. Weakness. Laboured breathing. Convulsions.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||EASILY ABSORBED! Redness. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Administration of oxygen may be needed. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Corneal damage.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Administration of oxygen may be needed. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rest. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T, N; R: 23/24/25-40-41-43-48/23/24/25-68-50; S: (1/2)-26-27-36/37/39-45-46-63-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
Causes damage to red blood cells
Causes damage to the blood through prolonged or repeated exposure
Causes serious eye irritation
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Very toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H3; F2; R0.||Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS OILY LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS BROWN ON EXPOSURE TO AIR OR LIGHT.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin also as a vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 184°C
Melting point: -6°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.02
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 3.4
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 40
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.2
Flash point: 76°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 630°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.2-11.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.94
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.|
In case of blue lips, fingernails or skin treatment with 100% oxygen may be needed; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Specific treatment with antidota like methylene blue can not be used for pregnant women and persons with a G6PD enzym deficiency. These people should avoid all contact.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Aniline (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Supplement7, 1987) Aniline (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 4, 1974)