|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Liquid formulations containing organic solvents may be flammable.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, dry powder, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Pupillary constriction, muscle cramp, excessive salivation. Sweating. Nausea. Vomiting. Dizziness. Headache. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Weakness. Laboured breathing. Wheezing. Unconciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention . See Notes.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Treat remaining liquid with an alkaline substance. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant.
Symbol: T+, N; R: 24-26/28-48/25-50/53; S: (1/2)-28-36/37-45-60-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT6-I.||Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
Physical State; Appearance
PALE YELLOW-TO-BROWN (TECHNICAL-GRADE PRODUCT) LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin, by ingestion and through the eyes.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 375°C
Melting point: 6°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.26
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: 0.002
Flash point: 120°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.8
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to birds. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. This substance does enter the environment under normal use. Great care, however, should be taken to avoid any additional release, for example through inappropriate disposal.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
If the substance is formulated with solvents also consult the ICSCs of these materials.
Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Parathion (HSG 74, 1992) Parathion (PDS) Parathion (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/1) Parathion (FAO/PL:1967/M/11/1) Parathion (FAO/PL:1969/M/17/1) Parathion (AGP:1970/M/12/1) Parathion (Pesticide residues in food: 1984 evaluations) Parathion (Pesticide residues in food: 1995 evaluations Part II Toxicological & Environmental) Parathion (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 30, 1983)