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LEAD CHROMATE
ICSC: 0003
Peer-Review Status: 08.06.2012 Validated
Plumbous chromate
Chromic acid, lead (II) salt (1:1) 
CAS #: 7758-97-6 RTECS #: GB2975000
UN #: 2291
EC #: 082-004-00-2
EINECS #: 231-846-0
    Formula: PbCrO4
Molecular mass: 323.2

TYPES OF HAZARD
/ EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with: See Chemical Dangers.  NO contact with incompatible materials: See Chemical Dangers   
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!   
Inhalation Cough.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin   Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). 
Ingestion See Effects of short-term exposure  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Vacuum spilled material with specialist equipment. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.  Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 45; R: 61-62-33-50/53; S: 53-45-60-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
May cause cancer
May damage fertility or the unborn child if inhaled
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects 
cancer;health hazenviro;aqua

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
  Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
YELLOW-TO-ORANGE-YELLOW CRYSTALLINE POWDER. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including lead oxides. Reacts violently with many substances such as combustible substances, amines, bases and metals. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 0.01mg/m³ as TWA; A1 (confirmed human carcinogen); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2011).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 1; Germ cell mutagen group: 2; (DFG 2011). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of dust and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the respiratory tract. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the blood, bone marrow, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, kidneys and lungs. This may result in anaemia, peripheral nerve disease, abdominal cramps and kidney impairment. This substance is carcinogenic to humans. May cause toxicity to human reproduction or development. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Decomposes
Melting point: 844°C
Density: 6.3 g/cm³
Solubility in water at 25°C: none 
Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur along the food chain. The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Chromates are classified as human carcinogens, but evidence for this substance is limited.
Lead chromate pigments may contain appreciable quantities of water-soluble lead compounds.
Toxic fumes (lead and chromium compounds) are also liberated during welding, cutting and heating of material treated with lead chromate.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Lead chromate occurs in nature as the minerals crocoite, phoenicochroite.
NEVER use a domestic-type vacuum cleaner to vacuum the substance, only use specialist equipment. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.
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       Toxicological Abbreviations