Chemical dangers Reacts with strong oxidants, cyanides and sulfides. Reacts violently with aluminium, zinc and tin. This generates fire and explosion hazard. The solution in water is a medium strong acid.
Formula: C2H4O3 / HOCH2COOH
Molecular mass: 76.1
Decomposes at 100°C Melting point: 80°C Relative density (water = 1): 1.49 Solubility in water: very good Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6 Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.11
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is corrosive to the skin and eyes. The substance is irritating to the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. The substance may cause effects on the kidneys. This may result in kidney failure.
Inhalation risk A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
This substance is often available commercially as a 70% solution with UN number 3265, hazard class 8, packaging group II.
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