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    Annex 1

    RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING ACCEPTABLE DAILY INTAKES AND RESIDUE
    LIMITS MADE AT THE 1975 MEETING

         These recommendations are additional to, or amend, those recorded
    in Annex 1 of the reports of the 1972, 1973 and 1974 Meetings (FAO/WHO
    1973a; 1974a; 1975a).

         Certain ADIs and residue limits are only temporary, and in these
    instances the year is specified in which further data are required.

         The references are to FAO/WHO publications as listed on pp.
    22-24. Where a monograph has been completely revised, mention is not
    necessarily made of any earlier ones.


    
                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                      Residue limits
                        Maximum
                        acceptable
    Pesticide and       daily intake                                               Maximum
    references to       (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous            body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations         weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

    aldrin, dieldrin    0.0001      Fruit.                                         0.05                     Applicable to aldrin or dieldrin
    1967b, 1968b,                                                                                           separately or to the sum if both are
    1969b, 1970b,                                                                                           involved.
    1971b, 1975b

    benomyl             no ADI      Lettuce.                                                   5            Guidelines are for total residues
    1974b                           Rice straw, wheat straw.                                   2            of benomyl, carbendazim and 
                                    Raw cereals (wheat, barley, rye, rice).                    0.5          2-amino-benzimidazole, expressed as
                                    Meat of poultry, eggs.                                     0.1 *        carbendazim. Re-evaluation for 1976
                                                                                                            proposed.

    bioresmethrin       no ADI      Raw grain, milled products from                            5            Re-evaluation for 1976 proposed.
                                    grain.
                                    Cooked cereal products including                           0.05 *
                                    bread.

    bromophos           0.006       Bran.                                          20 )
    1973b               (1977)      Raw grain (wheat, maize and                       )
                                    sorghum).                                     10  )
                                    White flour, wholemeal bread.                 2   )  (1977)
                                    Brussels sprouts, white bread.                0.5 )
                                    Broad beans (without pods).                   0.1 )

    bromophos-ethyl     0.003       Fat of sheep.                                 3
    1973b                           Milk and milk products (fat basis)            0.2
                                    Maize (kernels and fodder).                   0.05

                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                      Residue limits
                         Maximum
                         acceptable
    Pesticide and        daily intake                                              Maximum
    references to        (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous             body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations          weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

    sec-butylamlne       0.2         Dried citrus pulp, citrus molasses.           50   )                    ADI and residue limits expressed as
                         (1978)      Citrus fruits.                                30   )  (1978)            the base.
                                     Citrus juice.                                 0.5  )

    carbaryl             0.01        Milk, milk products.                          0.1 *
    1967b, 1968b,
    1969b, 1971b,
    1973b, 1974b

    chlordimeform        0.01        Pears.                                        10  )                     Limits are for the sum of
    1973b               (1978)       Tomatoes.                                     1   )  (1978)             chlordimeform and its metabolites
                                     Rice (hulled).                                0.1  )                    determined as 4-chloro-o-toluidine
                                                                                                             and expressed as chlordimeform.

    chlorobenzilate      0.02        Apples.                                       5
    1969b, 1973b

    chlorpyrifos         0.0015      Fat and skin of turkey.                       0.2
    1973b, 1975b                     Fat of chicken, milk and milk
                                     products (fat basis)                          0.1
                                     Eggs (whole).                                 0.01 *

    chlorpyrifos-methyl  0.01        Bran.                                         20
                                     Raw grains (wheat, maize, sorghum).           10
                                     Flour, wholemeal bread.                       2
                                     Apples, peaches, tomatoes.                    0.5
                                     Artichoke, beans, cabbage, Chinese
                                     cabbage, eggplant, lettuce (outdoor),
                                     peppers, radish, tea (green), rice
                                     (pre-harvest).                                0.1
                                     Milk.                                         0.01 *

                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                      Residue limits
                        Maximum
                        acceptable
    Pesticide and       daily intake                                              Maximum
    references to       (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous            body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations         weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

    coumaphos           0.0005
     1969b, 1973b       (1978)

    cyanofenphos        0.005       Cabbage.                                       2    )
                        (1978)      Peaches.                                       1    )
                                    Soybean (fresh without pods),                       )
                                    soybean (dry).                                0.5   ) (1978)
                                    Radishes (roots), rice (hulled).              0.2   )
                                    Cucumbers, ginger, onions.                    0.05 *)

    2,4 D               0.3         Vaccinium berries (e.g.,
    1971b, 1972b.                   lingonberries, bilberries),
    1975b                           blackberries, raspberries.                    5
                                    Raw grain.                                    0.2
                                    Milk and milk products, meat, eggs.           0.05 *

    demeton             0.005       Apricots, grapes, peaches.                    1                         Residue limits refer to the total
    1965b, 1968b                    Apples, citrus fruit, pears.                  0.5                       residue of demeton, demeton suifoxide
                                    Plums.                                        0.2                       and demeton sulfone determined as
                                    Melons, strawberries.                         0.1                       demeton sulfone and expressed as
                                                                                                            disulfoton. See also disulfoton.

    diazinon            0.002       Milk, milk products (fat basis).              0.5
    1965b, 1967b,
    1968b, 1969b,
    1971b

                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                      Residue limits
                        Maximum
                        acceptable
    Pesticide and       daily intake                                              Maximum
    references to       (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous            body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations         weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

    disulfoton          0.002       Alfalfa (hay), clover (hay).                  10                        Residue limits refer to the total
    1974b                           Forage crops (green).                         5                         residues of disulfoton, disulfoton
                                    Vegetables including beans, broccoli,                                   sulfoxide, disulfoton sulfone, demeton,
                                    Brussels sprouts, cabbage,                                              demeton sulfoxide and demeton
                                    cauliflower, celery, lettuce,                                           sulfone expressed as disulfoton.
                                    maize, potatoes, peanut shells, peas                                    Previously recommended limits were for
                                    (including pods), rice (in husks),                                      residues determined as disulfoton
                                    spinach, sugar beets (roots), tomatoes.       0.5                       sulfone and demeton-s sulfone
                                    Raw grain (except rice and maize).            0.2                       expressed as disulfoton. The
                                    Coffee beans, pecans, peanuts                                           previously recommended limits are
                                    (kernels), pineapple, soybeans.               0.1                       repeated in this annex.

    ethion              0.005       Melons.                                       0.2                       Residue limit is for ethion and its
    1969b, 1970b,                                                                                           oxygen analogue expressed as ethion.
    1973b

    fenthion            0.0005
    1972b

    leptophos           0.001       Apples, pears, broccoli, Brussels                                       Residue limits refer to the sum of
    1975b               (1978)      sprouts, cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes.         2     )                    leptophos, its oxygen analogue and
                                    Cottonseed, oil (crude).                     1     )                    desbromoleptophos, expressed as
                                    Raw cereals (wheat, oats barley), rice             )                    leptophos.
                                    (hulled), sugar beet tops.                   0.5   )
                                    Cottonseed, cottonseed meal, carrots.        0.2   ) (1978)
                                    Potatoes.                                    0.1   )
                                    Maize, fieldcorn (kernels), sweet corn             )
                                    (kernels and cobs, husks and silk                  )
                                    removed), sunflower seed, sugar                    )
                                    beet (roots).                                0.05  )

                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                      Residue limits
                        Maximum
                        acceptable
    Pesticide and       daily intake                                              Maximum
    references to       (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous            body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations         weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

    lindane             0.01        Lettuce, endive.                              2     )
    1967b 1968b,       (1977)       Cocoa beans, kohlrabi, radish.                1     )
    1969b, 1970b,                   Apples, cherries, grapes, pears,                    )
    1974b, 1975b                    plums, red-currants, Brussels                       )
                                    sprouts, cabbage (including red                     ) (1977)
                                    cabbage), savoy, cauliflower.                 0.5   )
                                    Peas, sugar beet (roots), sugar beet                )
                                    (leaves)                                      0.1   )
                                    Potatoes, rape seed                           0.05 *)

    methidathion        0.005                                                                               With the allocation of an ADI the
    1973b                                                                                                   temporary tolerances recommended
                                                                                                            by the 1972 Meeting are confirmed as
                                                                                                            maximum residue limits.

    methomyl            no ADI      Alfalfa, peas, sorghum and soybean
                                    forage, barley, oat and wheat straw.                      10
                                    Cabbage, lettuce, peanut forage,
                                    spinach.                                                  5
                                    Celery.                                                   3
                                    Apples, citrus (oranges, lemons,
                                    grapefruit, tangelos), mint hay.                          2
                                    Cauliflower, grapes, hops (dried),
                                    nectarines, peppers, snap beans,
                                    tobacco (flue cured), tomatoes.                           1
                                    Cucumbers, eggplant, onions (green).                      0.5
                                    Asparagus, barley, cantaloupes,
                                    melons, onions (dry), peas (green),
                                    pineapples, sorghum, summer
                                    squash, watermelons.                                      0.2

                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                      Residue limits
                        Maximum
                        acceptable
    Pesticide and       daily intake                                              Maximum
    references to       (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous            body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations         weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

                                    Beans (dry), cottonseed, oats,
                                    peanuts, peanut hulks, potatoes,
                                    soybeans, sugar beets, wheat, 
                                    sweet-corn.                                                            0.1
                                    Meat, milk.                                                0.02

    monocrotophos       0.0006      Apples, pears, tomatoes.                      1
    19731b

    omethoate           0.0005      Hops (dry).                                   3    )                    Residue limits are for residues of
    19721b              (1978)      Grapes.                                       2    ) (1978)             omethoate arising from treatment
                                    Sugar beet (leaves).                          1    )                    with dimethoate or omethoate,
                                    Sugar beet (roots), potatoes.                 0.05 )                    expressed as dimethoate. The limits
                                                                                                            previously recommended for
                                                                                                            dimethoate apply also to omethoate.

    parathion-methyl    0.001       Tea (fermented and dried), tomatoes.          0.2   ) (1978)            Residue limits are for 
    1969b, 1973b        (1978)      Sugar beet, hops (dry cones).                 0.05 *)                   parathion-methyl and its oxygen 
                                                                                                            analogue.
    2-phenylphenol      1           Apples.                                       25                        Referred to as o-phenylphenol in
    (and sodium                                                                                             FAO/WHO 1969a.
    salt)
    1970b

    phosalone           0.006       Fat of sheep.                                 0.5
    19731b                          Meat of sheep.                                0.05 *

    quintozene          0.007       Peanuts (whole).                              5                         With the allocation of an ADI, the
    1970b, 1974b,                   Bananas (whole).                              1                         temporary tolerances previously
    1975b                           Lettuce, peanuts (kernels).                   0.3                       recommended are confirmed as maximum
                                    Beans (navy), potatoes.                       0.2                       residue limits.

                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                      Residue limits
                        Maximum
                        acceptable
    Pesticide and       daily intake                                              Maximum
    references to       (mg/kg                                                    residue      Guideline
    previous            body                                                      limit        level
    evaluations         weight)         Commodity                                 (mg/kg)      (mg/kg)      Remarks
                                                                                                                                               

                                    Tomatoes.                                     0.1
                                    Cottonseed.                                   0.03
                                    Broccoli, cabbage.                            0.02
                                    Bananas (pulp), beans (other than
                                    navy), peppers (bell).                        0.01

    thiabendazole       0.05        Potatoes (unwashed).                          10                        Residue limits are for thiabendazole
    1971b, 1972b,                   Potatoes (washed).                            3                         and 5-hydroxy-thiabendazole
    1973b                           Milk.                                         0.1 *                     expressed as thiabendazole.
                                    Meat and meat products of cattle
                                    goats, horses, pigs and sheep.                0.1 *

    thiophanate-methyl  0.08        Meat and fat of chickens.                     0.02 *                    Residue limits are for total residue
    1974b                                                                                                   of thiophanate-methyl and
                                                                                                            carbendazim, expressed as
                                                                                                            carbendazim. Recommendation is
                                                                                                            additional to 1973 recommendations,
                                                                                                            which are no longer temporary.

    trichlorfon         0.005       Lettuce, spinach.                             0.5 )
    1972b               (1978)      Tomatoes.                                     0.2 )  (1978)
                                    Raw cereals including maize.                  0.1 )
                                                                                                                                               

         * Level at or about the limit of determination.
        




















    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations