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HYDROFLUORIC ACID (70% AQUEOUS SOLUTION)ICSC: 1777
April 2017
CAS #: 7664-39-3
UN #: 1790
EINECS #: 231-634-8

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Not combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion.  Risk of fire and explosion on contact with incompatible substances. See Chemical Dangers.  NO contact with incompatible substances. See Chemical Dangers.  NO contact with incompatible materials: See Chemical Dangers  In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Serious skin burns. Blisters. See Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing. Apron.  Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burns in mouth and throat. Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give nothing to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Cover the spilled material with dry sand or dry earth. Collect the spilled substance into containers. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

skull;toxiccorrcancer;health haz
DANGER
Fatal if swallowed or if inhaled
Harmful in contact with skin
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
Causes damage to bones through prolonged or repeated exposure
Harmful to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Store only in original container. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Ventilation along the floor. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 
PACKAGING
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
HYDROFLUORIC ACID (70% AQUEOUS SOLUTION) ICSC: 1777
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS FUMING LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air. 

Chemical dangers
The substance is a weak acid. Reacts violently with many compounds. This generates fire and explosion hazard. It reacts violently with bases and is corrosive to most common metals forming a flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see ICSC 0001). Attacks glass, some forms of plastic, rubber and coatings. 

Formula: HF
Molecular mass: 20.0
Boiling point: 66,4°C
Melting point: - 69°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.23
Solubility in water: miscible
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.23 (estimated)
Vapour pressure: see Notes
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.86 (at 25 °C) 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
Serious systemic effects and local effects by all routes of exposure. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is very corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema. Inhalation may cause asthma-like reactions (RADS). Exposure could cause asphyxiation due to swelling in the throat. Inhalation may cause pneumonitis. See Notes. Exposure could cause hypocalcemia. The effects may be delayed. Exposure above the OEL could cause death. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Fluoride can accumulate in teeth, joints and bones. This may result in stained tooth enamel up to joint and bone disorders (fluorosis). 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Isolate contaminated clothing by sealing in a bag or other container.
UN number for hydrogen fluoride as a gas is 1052, hazard class 8, subsidiary hazard 6.1, packing group 1.
The partial vapour pressure is 20 kPa at 25 °C. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T+, C; R: 26/27/28-35; S: (1/2)-7/9-26-36/37/39-45 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations