|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide, powder.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Burning sensation. Cough. Tremor. Incoordination. Convulsions. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Wheezing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use closed system.||Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. Symptoms may be delayed. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Eyes||VAPOUR WILL BE ABSORBED! Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain. Spasms, photophobia and dilated pupils. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns. Loss of vision.||Wear safety goggles. Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: gas-tight chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable air tight containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. NEVER direct water jet on liquid.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
Fatal if inhaled
Fatal in contact with skin
Causes skin irritation
Causes serious eye damage
May cause genetic defects
May cause cancer
Causes damage to nervous system and bone marrow
May cause respiratory irritation
Causes damage to the nervous system and the bone marrow through prolonged or repeated exposure
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H4; F2; R0.||Keep in the dark. Separated from food and feedstuffs and metals. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion. Serious local effects and systemic effects by all routes of exposure.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Decomposes at 194°C
Melting point: -34°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.09
Solubility in water at 25°C: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 0.03
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Because many of the effects resemble those of ionizing radiation, the term "radiomimetic" is frequently used.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations