|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!|
|Inhalation||Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Confusion. Convulsions.||Use local exhaust. Use breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! See Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness.||Wear safety goggles.||Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible).|
|Ingestion||Blue lips, fingernails and skin. See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
Harmful if swallowed
Toxic in contact with skin
Toxic to aquatic life
Causes damage to blood
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT2-II and 61S1578.
NFPA Code: H2; F1; R; 0.
|Separated from combustible substances, reducing agents and food and feedstuffs. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.|
Physical State; Appearance
PALE YELLOW CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 236°C
Melting point: 44°C
Density: 1.3 g/cm³
Solubility in water at 20°C: very poor
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 5
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.44
Flash point: 103°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 500°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.41
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.|
TLV (as para-nitrochlorobenzene): 0.1 ppm (skin) A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans) BEI issued (ACGIH 2006).
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Rinse contaminated clothes with plenty of water because of fire hazard.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations