|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Sore throat. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Headache. Dizziness. Tremor. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Skin burns. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Shock or collapse. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3 and 8; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1251.
NFPA Code: H4; F3; R2.
|Fireproof. Cool. Keep in the dark. Separated from strong reducing agents, strong oxidants and strong bases. Store only if stabilized.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 81°C
Melting point: -7°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.86
Solubility in water: good
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 11
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.1
Flash point: -7°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 491°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.1-15.6
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.117 (estimated)
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations