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GASOLINE
ICSC: 1400
Peer-Review Status: 18.10.2001 Validated
Benzin 
CAS #: 86290-81-5 RTECS #: DE3550000
UN #: 1203
EC #: 649-378-00-4
EINECS #: 289-220-8
   

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Lethargy. Headache.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Vomiting. See Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Remove all ignition sources. Cover the spilled material with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.  Marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T; R: 45-65; S: 53-45; Note: H, P 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H1; F3; R0.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1203. 
Fireproof. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
MOBILE LIQUID. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 300 ppm as TWA; 500 ppm as STEL; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); (ACGIH 2004). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 20-200°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.70-0.80
Solubility in water: none
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3 - 4
Flash point: <-21°C
Auto-ignition temperature: ~250°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.3-7.1
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2-7  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The product may contain additives which may alter the health and environmental effects.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Physical properties. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Gasoline (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 45, 1989)