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MEDIUM ALIPHATIC SOLVENT NAPHTHA (PETROLEUM)
ICSC: 1381
Peer-Review Status: 15.03.2001 Validated
White spirit type 0, regular flash point
Straight run kerosine
Straight run white spirit 
CAS #: 64742-88-7 UN #: 1268
EC #: 649-405-00-X
EINECS #: 265-191-7
   

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 38°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 38°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!   
Inhalation Dizziness. Headache. Drowsiness. Nausea. Cough. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Cough. Diarrhoea. Sore throat. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . See Notes. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic vapours of low boiling point adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance.   
EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 65; S: (2)-23-24-62; Note: H 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G35.  Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
Reacts with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic and rubber. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The vapour is mildly irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure to high concentrations of vapour could cause unconsciousness. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver. This may result in impaired functions. See Notes. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 138-178°C
Melting point: -48 - -26°C
Density: 0.75-0.82 g/cm³
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.2-0.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.0
Flash point: 38-60°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 229-260°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.6-6.5 
 

NOTES
This is a mixture of n- and iso-paraffins, aromatic hydrocarbons and naphthenes.
The contents of benzene is less than 0.1 % by volume.
Depending on the raw material and the production processes, the composition and physical properties of this solvent can vary considerably.
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated adequately.
The symptoms of chemical pneumonitis do not become manifest until a few hours or even a few days have passed.
Also consult ICSC 0361 Stoddard Solvent. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations